Dr. Dafna Langgut




  • Researcher (Faculty Member), and the Head of the Laboratory of Archaeobotany and Ancient Environments at the Institute of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University
  • Curator of pollen, wood and archaeobotanical collections of the Steinhardt Museum of Natural History


  • Archaeobotany – identification of botanical remains in archeological contexts: utilization patterns for living spaces, agricultural practices, diet, plant usage, ancient gardens, seasonality of site occupation, wooden implements.
  • Paleoclimate and paleoenvironment reconstruction in the Levantine region during prehistorical and historical periods.
  • Past relationship between humans and the environment such as human migration out of Africa, the onset of agriculture, de-forestation, settlement history and pastoralism.






Mark Cavanagh – M.A. Student: Sustainability of an Industry on the Fringe: An Anthracologic Investigation into Fuel Sources at the Iron Age Copper Smelting Site of Timna 34 (co-advisor E. Ben Yosef).


2014- Helena Roth – M.A. Student: Wood economy and botanical reconstruction of Early Roman Jerusalem (co-advisor Y. Gadot).


2014- Mordechay Benzaquen – M.A. Student: The Archaeological Wood Remains of Tel Megiddo: Interpreting Environmental Conditions and Cultural Preferences Through the Analysis of Botanical Remains (co-advisor I. Finkelstein).


2015- Ben Laugomer – M.A. Student: Paleoclimate in the southern Levant during the Bronze and Iron Ages based on isotop compasition in Soreq Cave speleothems (co-advisors M. Bar-Matthews and I. Finkelstein).



Books and Monographs:

Langgut D. 2008. Late Quaternary Palynological Sequences from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, Monograph of the Geological Survey, Israel, GSI/16/08. The Israeli Geological Survey, Jerusalem, 207 pp.

Refereed Articles in Journals:

Kadosh (Langgut) D. Sivan D. Kutiel H. Weinstein-Evron M. 2004. Late Quaternary Paleoenvironments in Dor, Carmel Coastal Plain, Israel. Palynology 28: 143-157.

Kadosh (Langgut) D. 2005. The Use of Pollen Grains in Climate Reconstruction: an example from Dor, Carmel Coast, Israel. Ofakim 64-65: 187-202 (Hebrew).

Waisel Y. Eshel A. Keynan N. Langgut D. 2009. Ambrosia: A New Impending Disaster for the Israeli Allergic Population. The Israel Medical Association Journal 10: 1-2.

Langgut D. Almogi-Labin A. Bar-Matthews M. Weinstein-Evron M. 2011. Vegetation and Climate changes in the South-Eastern Mediterranean during the Last Glacial-Interglacial cycle (86 ka): new marine pollen record. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 3960-3972.

Finkelstein I. Ben-Dor Evian S. Boaretto E. Cabanes D. Cabanes M. Eliyahu A. Feigenbaum S. Gadot Y. Langgut D. Martin M. Meiri M. Namdar D. Sapir-Hen L. Shahack-Gross R. Shaus A. Sober B. Tofollo M. Yahalom-Mack N. Zapassky L. Weiner S. 2012. Reconstructing Ancient Israel: Integrating Macro- and Micro-archaeology1. Biblical History and Ancient Israel 1: 133-150.

Lipschits O. Gadot Y. Langgut D. 2012. The Riddle of Ramat Rahel: The Archaeology of a Royal Edifice from the Persian Periods. Transeuphraténe 41: 57-79.

Langgut D. Gadot Y. Porat N. Lipschits O. 2013. Fossil Pollen Reveals the Secrets of Royal Persian Garden at Ramat Rahel (Jerusalem). Palynology 37: 115-129.

Langgut D. 2013. The Role of Pollen Analysis in Archaeology: an example from the Royal Persian Garden at Ramat Rahel (Jerusalem). Cathedra 150: 37-50 (Hebrew). [Invited Paper].

Langgut D. Finkelstein I. Litt T. 2013. Climate and the Late Bronze Collapse: New Evidence from the Southern Levant. Tel Aviv 40: 149-175.

Langgut D. Neumann F.H. Stein M. Wagner A. Kagan E.J. Boaretto E. Finkelstein I. 2014. Dead Sea Pollen Record and History of Human Activity in the Judean Highlands (Israel) from the Intermediate Bronze into the Iron Ages (~2500-500 BCE). Palynology 38: 1-23.

Langgut D. Lev-Yadun S. Finkelstein I. 2014. The Impact of Olive Orchard Abandonment and Rehabilitation on Pollen Signature: An experimental approach to evaluating fossil pollen data. Ethnoarchaeology 6: 121-135.

Langgut D. Gadot Y. Lipschits O. 2014. “Fruit of goodly trees” – The beginning of citron cultivation in Israel and its penetration into Jewish tradition and culture. Beit Mikra 59: 38-55 (Hebrew).

Finkelstein I. Langgut D. 2014. Dry Climate in the Middle Bronze I and its Impact on Settlement Patterns in the Levant and Beyond: New Pollen Evidence. Journal of Near Eastern Studies 73: 219-234.

Langgut D. 2015. Prestigious fruit trees in ancient Israel: First palynological evidence for growing Juglans regia and Citrus medica. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences 62: 98-110.

Langgut D. Finkelstein I. Litt T. Neumann H.F. Stein M. 2015. Vegetation and climate changes during the Bronze and Iron Ages (~3600-600 BCE) in the southern Levant based on palynological records. Radiocarbon 57: 217-235.

Nadel D. Bar-Oz G. Malkinson D.  Spivak P. Langgut D. Porat N. Khechoyan A. Nachmias A. Crater-Gershtein E. Katinaa A.  Bermatov-Paz G. Nahapetyan S. Gasparyan B. 2015. New Insights into Desert Kites in Armenia: The Fringes of the Ararat Depression. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 26: 120-143.

Langgut D. Gleason K. Burrell B. 2015. Pollen Analysis as Evidence for Herod’s Royal Garden at the Promontory Palace, Caesarea. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences 62:111-121.

Kagan E.J. Langgut D. Boaretto E. Neumann H.F. Stein M. 2015. Chronology of Dead Sea levels during the Bronze-Iron ages. Radiocarbon 57:237-252.

Yahalom-Mack N. Langgut D. Dvir O. Tirosh O. Eliyahu-Behar A. Erel Y. Langford B. Frumkin A. Ullman M. Davidovich, U. 2015. The Earliest Lead Object in the Levant. PloS ONE 10(12): 1-14.

Pickarski N. Kwiecien O. Langgut D. Litt T. 2015. Abrupt climate and vegetation variability of eastern Anatolia during the last glacial. Climate of the Past, 11: 1491-1505.‏

Langgut D. Yannai E. Taxel I. Agnon A. Marco S. 2016. Resolving a historical earthquake date at Tel Yavneh (central Israel) using pollen seasonality. Palynology 40: 145-159.

Weinstein-Evron M. Langgut D. Chaim S. Tsatskin A. Nadel D. 2016. Late Pleistocene palynological sequence from Ohalo II, Sea of Galilee, Israel. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 70: 219-232.

Langgut D., Adams M.J. Finkelstein I. 2016. Climate, settlement patterns and olive horticulture in the southern Levant during the Early Bronze and Intermediate Bronze Ages (ca. 3600–1950 BCE). Levant 48(2): 1-18.

Langgut D. Yahalom-Mack N. Lev-Yadun S. Kremer E. Ullman M. Davidovich U. 2016. The earliest Near-Eastern wooden spinning implements. Antiquity 90: 973-990.

Ashkenazi D. Inberg A. Langgut D. Hendler N. Cvikel D. 2016. Brass–iron couple and brass–iron–wood ternary system of metal objects from the Akko 1 shipwreck (Israel). Corrosion Science 110: 228-241.‏

Langgut D. Shahack-Gross R. Arie E. Namdar D. Amrani A. Le Bailly M. Finkelstein I. 2016. Micro-archaeological indicators for identifying ancient cess deposits: an example from Late Bronze Age Megiddo, Israel. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 9: 375-385.

Langgut D. In Press. The Citrus route revealed: from Southeast Asia into the Mediterranean. HortScience. [Invited paper].

Langgut D. and Lipschits O. (forthcoming). Dry Climate during the Babylonian and the Early Persian Period and its Impact on the Creation of Idumea. Transeuphraténe.


Papers presented at scientific meetings published in proceedings:

Langgut D. 2014. Southern Levant Pollen Record, Palaeo-Climate and Human Impact from the Late Bronze Age to the Persian period. In: Bieliński P. Gawlikowski M. Koliński R. Ławecka D. Sołtysiak A. and Wygnańska Z. (eds.). Proceedings of the 8th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East (ICAANE 2012).Warsaw, Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden, Pp. 541-558.

Ben-Yosef E. Porat N. Langgut D. Shaar R. 2016. Archaeological and Geoarchaeological Investigations in Timna Valley. In: B. Elisha (ed.). Israel Geological Society Conference – Tour Guidnece, Eilat 2016, Pp. 22-44.

Roth H. Zanton N. Langgut D. (In Press) Prestige and splendor evident from the stepped street (Jerusalem): a dendroarchaeological evidence. In: Stiebel GD et al. (eds.) New Studies in the Archaeology of Jerusalem and its Region, Collected Papers, Vol. X, Jerusalem 2016 (Hebrew).

Langgut D.The History of Citrus medica (citron) in the Near East: Botanical remains and ancient art and texts (Forthcoming). In: V. Zech, G. Fiorentino, and S. Coubray (eds.). The history and archaeology of the citrus fruit from the Far East to the Mediterranean: introductions, diversifications, uses.


Book Chapters / Scientific Reports / Book Reviews:

Langgut D. 2014. On the Question of Identification of Plants of the Bible: Interpretations, Innovations and Undulations – Book Review of “Flora of the Bible” by Ammar Z. (2012, Jerusalem, 288p.). Cathedra 152: 183-187 (Hebrew).

Langgut D. Palynological Investigation, Nahal David, Cave Q27. 2015. In: Cohen H. Artzy M. (eds.), Mikveh Cave Q27, The First Three Seasons of Excavations – 2003, 2006, 2012. Reports and Studies of the Leon Recanati Institute for Maritime Studies Excavations. Haifa University. Pp 71-76.

Lev-Yadun S. Langgut D. 2015. Studies in botanical archaeology, ethno-botany and plant domestication: honoring Professor Daniel Zohary (Guest Editorial). Israel Journal of Plant Sciences 62: 1-4.

Langgut D. 2016. Resurrecting Botanical Remains. Biblical Archaeological Reviews – 40 Future. Chapter 30 Pp. 62-64.

Langgut D. (Forthcoming). The History of Etrog in Ancient Near East and Israel: Archaeobotanical and Historical Evidence. In: Goldschmidt E.E., Bar Yosef M. (eds.), The Etrog (Citrus Medica) Source Book. Israel Science Foundation Publications (Hebrew).

Roth H. Langgut D. (Forthcoming). Dendroarchaeological Analysis: The Western wall excavation (Area L), Jerusalem. ‘Atiqot.

Langgut D. Namdar D. Shahack-Gross R. Arie E. Finkelstein I. (Forthcoming). A Latrine in Level H-14. In: Finkelstein, I. and Martin, M.A.S. (eds.), Megiddo VI: The 2010-1014 Seasons (Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University). Tel Aviv.

Benzaquen M. Langgut D. (Forthcoming). The Charcoal Remains. In: Finkelstein, I. and Martin, M.A.S. (eds.), Megiddo VI: The 2010-1014 Seasons (Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University). Tel Aviv.



  • – Editing a special issue of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences honoring Professor Daniel Zohary (together with S. Lev-Yadun), volume 62, issues 1-2.



  • National Geographic Israel (Hebrew) – August 2006


  • Haaretz – February 2, 2012


  • Science-Daily – February 16, 2012


  • New York Times – October 22, 2013


  • National Geographic – October 24, 2013


  • New York Times Editorial – October 26, 2013


  • National Geographic Israel (Hebrew) – December 2, 2013





  • Paleoenvironmental conditions and past climate changes (B.A.)
  • Late Quaternary Paleoenvironment (M.A.)
  • From gatherers to eradicators? (B.A.)
  • Paleoclimatology and Human Impact in the Levant during the Bronze Age and into the Hellenistic Period (M.A.)
  • From nature into culture – plants and human culture from the archaeological perspective (B.A.)
  • Man, climate and the ancient environment (B.A.)
  • Plants of the Bible (B.A.)
  • Environmental Archaeology (M.A.)
  • Possible links between human culture and climate changes (M.A.)
  • Heaven on Earth – Prestige Gardens in Antiquity (M.A.)




External reviewer of manuscripts for publication for various scholarly journals (Quaternary International, Quaternary Science Reviews, Palynology, The Holocene, Tel-Aviv, Journal of Mediterranean Ecology, Israel Journal of Plant Sciences, Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences) and for the Israel Antiquity Authorities Publication Department.



(1997)  Haifa University Distinction Award (BA studies)

(1998)  Haifa University Distinction Award (BA studies)

(2000)  Wolf Foundation Distinction Award

(2001)  Distinction Award Haifa University (MA studies)

(2001)  Ministry of Science and Culture -Distinction Scholarship Award

(2001)  Research Distinction Award of the Rector of Haifa University

(2002)  Distinction Award Haifa University (MA studies)

(2004)  Cooperation Award: Young and Senior Scholars, Haifa University

(2004)  The Palynological Society – AASP Student Award for Presenting in The 11th International

Pollen Conference

(2005)  Sam Cohen Windhoek Scholarship Award




(2000) “Sir Maurice and Lady Irene Hatter Grant”, Haifa University and the Recanati

Institute for Maritime Studies (RIMS). Late Quaternary Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction from Dor, Carmel Coastal Plain, Israel (PI).

(2005-2007) “The Israeli Ministry of National Infrastructures”, Grant no. ES-2005-2007. Late Quaternary Marine Palynological Records from the South-Eastern Mediterranean Basin (together with M. Weinstein-Evron) (PI).

(2011) *”Early Israel”, New Horizons Program, Tel Aviv University. Tracing the Ancient Vegetation at the Garden of Ramat Rachel by fossil pollen grains (together with B. Gross, Y. Gadot and O. Lipschits) (PI).

(2014-2019) “The Neubauer Foundation”. Climate Changes in the Levant during the Bronze and Iron Ages and their Impact on Settlement Patterns and Historical Processes (PI together with I. Finkelstein).

(2015-2018) “Israel Science Foundation”. Royal Herodian Gardens Come Alive (PI).

(2015-2016) “Israel Science Foundation”. Equipment Grant: The Laboratory of Archaeobotany and Ancient Environments (PI).



  • American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR)
  • Israel Geological Society (IGS)
  • Israel Geographical Association (IGA)
  • Israel Geomorphological Research Group (IGRG)
  • Israel Prehistory Society (IPS)
  • Society of Biblical Literature (SBL)