The Emery and Claire Yass Publications in Archaeology
Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University
The remains on the acropolis
The moshe kochavi and pirhiya beck excavations
Y. Gadot and E. Yadin
With contributions by:
Gabriella Bachi, David Ben-Shlomo, Elisabetta Boaretto, Eyal Bozaglo, Assaf Yasur-Landau, Rafael Frankel, Ayelet Gilboa, Yuval Goren, Marta Guzowska, Liora Kolska Horwitz, Mordechai E. Kislev, Nir Lalkin, Omri Lernau, Nili Liphschitz, Yael Mahler-Slasky, Mario A.S. Martin, Henk K. Mienis, Nadav Na’aman, Ilan Sharon, Sariel Shalev, Itamar Singer, Na’ama Yahalom-Mack
Tel Aviv 2009
In 1972, and for twelve seasons thereafter, the late Moshe Kochavi directed the excavation of Tel Aphek-Antipatris together with the late Pirhiya Beck who was responsible for pottery registration and analysis.
To our great regret and deep sorrow neither lived to see the final publication of the fruits of their labours.However, in his last year Moshe participated actively in the preparation of this volume, writing the first and closing chapters and carefully checking the others. Throughout his distinguished academic career’Kuchbi’ trained a generation of young archaeologists who followed his scholarly approach of combining field archaeology with historico-geographic research. This was put into practice as part of the Aphek research project which included a regional archaeological survey and the excavation of nearby >Izbet êarta. We were privileged to benefit from his guidance and are grateful for his unfailing patience and willingness to share his knowledge and experience with us at all times. A special vote of appreciation goes to the late Professor Pirhiya Beck who was an inspiration to her colleagues and students. Her attitude to the study of ancient pottery laid the foundation for our research into the ceramic m terial retrieved from the excavations.
The field project was set up under the aegis of the Sonia and Marco Nadler Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University as an educational project combining studies through lectures and fieldwork. Over the years the Tel Aviv University team was joined by a number of foreign academic institutions each of which participated for different lengths of time, sharing the work-load and expenses. Our first partners were the New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary (1972-1976) followed by Baylor University (1974-1976) and Allegheny ollege (1975-1982). Cornell University joined the consortium in 1978 as did Rice University, working with us until 1985 and 1982 respectively. During all the years of work, the Municipality of Petach Tikvah provided unflagging support both financially and practically. Their ooperation is much appreciated. We would like to express our appreciation to the Directors of the Sonia and Marco Nadler Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University for making available the services of the institute’s laboratories and staff which provided administrative and technical support.
Rachel Stoller and Pnina Rodan were in charge of general administration and all matters connected with the volunteers while Esther Yadin served as Expedition Coordinator throughout. Pottery restoration was carried out by Rachel Pelta, Mira Barak, Nili Cohen and Yona Shapira. Finds were drawn by Naomi Schechter, Sheila Varon, Ada Peri and Rodica Penchas. Netta Halperin cleaned and prepared the metal objects for analysis. Photographs were taken in the field as well as in the studio by Avraham Hai, Maya and Moshe Weinberg. Maps and plans were prepared by Judith Dekel and Yura Smertenko. Our thanks to all of them. The publication of Aphek’s acropolis was accomplished with a generous grant from the Shelby White–Leon Levy Program for Archaeological publications. Additionally, the Mediterranean Archaeological Trust/Ashmolean Museum provided a supplementary grant for its completion. We are greatly indebted to them for making it possible. We also thank the incumbent director of the Sonia and Marco Nadler Institute and the members of the Editorial Board for sponsoring this publication and for their sharp eyes in critically examining the galley proofs.
This report is based on the field diaries of the teams who excavated the areas dealt with here but mainly on a preliminary report completed by Zvi Gal. We are indebted to all of them for their contribution. We would like to express our appreciation to the technical staff of the Institute of Archaeology who gave generously of their time and expertise, especially Ami Brauner who refined the maps and plans for publication, Yulia Gottlieb who arranged and digitalized all the finds as plates, and Pavel Shrago who scanned and prepared the photographs for publication. We thank them for their patience. Many scholars, affiliated either with Tel Aviv University or other prestigious academic institutions, contributed to this volume. We thank them for their knowledgeable study of the finds and cooperation during the process of compiling this book. The quality of a book as complex as this is heavily dependent on the professional skills of its editors. Theirs is also the unenviable task of nagging, bullying and encouraging the authors and welding the sometimes very different styles into a coherent whole. We gratefully acknowledge the hard work and expertise of Eliot Braun who edited the original manuscript and ‘licked it into shape’ for language and accuracy. The final product is the work of Shirley Gassner who meticulously completed the editing process and layout of this publication. We owe her special thanks for her constructive comments and unflagging efforts to bring this report to its present scientific and artistic form.
Yuval Gadot and Esther Yadin
Tel Aviv 2009
MONOGRAPH SERIES OF THE SONIA AND MARCO NADLER INSTITUTE OF ARCHAEOLOGY